Today, the European Union’s Modernisation Fund has disbursed €2.4 billion to 31 projects in seven beneficiary countries to help modernise their energy systems, reduce greenhouse gas emissions in energy, industry and transport, and improve energy efficiency. It is the joint largest disbursement to date and will provide a boost to Europe’s green transition. These investments help those Member States to reduce dependency on Russian fossil fuels, meet their 2030 climate and energy targets, and contribute to the EU’s long-term commitment to reaching climate neutrality by 2050.

Thanks to revenues from the European Emissions Trading System, additional investments were made in Romania (€1.1 billion), Czechia (€1 billion), Bulgaria (€197 million), Poland (€47 million), Croatia (€88 million), Latvia (€5 million) and Lithuania (€1 million). The amounts disbursed today bring total disbursements from the Modernisation Fund since January 2021 to around €7.5 billion, benefitting 10 eligible Member States. The projects supported today focus on renewable electricity generation, modernisation of energy networks and energy efficiency.

Examples of proposals that have received funding today include:

  • modernisation of the electricity distribution grid in Bulgaria to accelerate the electrification of transport, storage deployment, and the decarbonisation and decentralisation of energy consumption and production;
  • deploying photovoltaic and energy storage capacity for public water service providers in Croatia;
  • improving energy efficiency and energy savings in new buildings for the public sector through the ENERGov Programme in Czechia;
  • introduction of electric vehicles and corresponding charging infrastructure in Latvia
  • renovation of multi-apartment buildings in Lithuania;
  • supporting cogeneration for district heating in Poland
  • new renewable electricity production capacities, district heating, and gas infrastructure to replace coal-powered energy in Romania.

The next deadline for beneficiary Member States to submit investment proposals for potential support by the Modernisation Fund is 15 August 2023 for non-priority proposals , and 12 September 2023  for priority proposals.


Funded by revenues from the auction of emission allowances from the EU’s Emissions Trading System, the Modernisation Fund aims to support ten EU countries with lower incomes in their transition to climate neutrality. The beneficiary countries are Bulgaria, Croatia, Czechia, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, and Slovakia.

The Modernisation Fund supports investments in the generation and use of energy from renewable sources, energy efficiency, energy storage, modernisation of energy networks, including district heating, pipelines and grids, and just transition in carbon-dependent regions. An overview of previous disbursements can be found here.

The Fund complements other European instruments such as cohesion policy and the Just Transition Fund. It mobilises significant resources, which can help  beneficiary Member States support investments in line with the  REPowerEU Plan and the Fit For 55 package. It operates under the responsibility of its beneficiary countries in close cooperation with the European Commission and the European Investment Bank (EIB).

On 10 May 2023, the revised EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) was enshrined into EU law. The strengthened EU ETS increases the scope of the Modernisation Fund, providing financial support to three additional beneficiary Member States – Portugal, Greece and Slovenia – from 2024.

The EIB’s investment proposal assessment activities in the Modernisation Fund are ring-fenced from the standard EIB financing and technical assistance operations to avoid any potential conflict of interest in carrying out the activities mandated in accordance with the ETS Directive and the Commission Implementing Regulation of 9 July 2020.

Quotes by Members of the College

Commission Executive Vice-President Frans Timmermans said: “The European Emissions Trading System enables all EU Member States to reduce emissions and use the revenues to invest in their energy transition. The Modernisation Fund is an important instrument to ensure solidarity among Member States, by enabling additional investments in modernised energy systems for those countries who need it the most. Putting a price on carbon and redistributing the revenues is a great way to ensure a fair transition for citizens in these countries.”   

European Investment Bank Vice-President Ambroise Fayolle said: “Unlocking financing to modernise energy infrastructure is key to assisting lower income European Union countries on their path to a carbon neutral future. I am delighted that all countries have now received funds to support them in the achievement of their 2030 climate objectives. The Modernisation Fund is growing in size and importance with Portugal, Greece and Slovenia becoming beneficiary countries from 2024. This confirms the Modernisation Fund’s crucial role in accelerating the green transition.  As the EU climate bank, the EIB stands ready to continue our excellent cooperation with EU countries and the European Commission to support clean energy infrastructure and improve energy efficiency .”

For More Information


News European Green Deal: EU Modernisation Fund invests €2.4 billion to accelerate the green transition in seven EU countries

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